APPRAISAL TO OBTAIN LOAN
Usually, individuals applying for a loan are only interested in obtaining the
loan and unfortunately are not worried about the prudence of buying the property
at the agreed price. In fact, many purchasers will try to encourage appraisers
to increase the appraised value so that they can purchase the home regardless
of its value.
The majority of real estate appraisals are requested by mortgage companies
to validate the property's purchase price for loan purposes. Except for periods
of very low interest rates when everyone is refinancing, most loans are for
the purchase of real estate and ordered after a sale price is negotiated. Purchasers
mistakenly assume that mortgage companies are looking after their interests
in the purchase transaction.
The law states that if the mortgage company orders the appraisal, the appraiser
is responsible only to the mortgage company. We expect mortgage companies to
be prudent and they should be, but being prudent is protecting their interest,
not necessarily the purchaser's. The mortgage company's position:
It has two sources of repayment: the purchaser's income and the property.
The responsibility to repay the loan is not based upon the property's value,
so the purchaser is obligated to pay the note even if the property value declines
The loan may be insured or guaranteed by a government agency.
The government does not promise to pay the purchaser's debt if the property
value is wrong.
If the loan is greater than 80% of the value, a portion of the loan may be insured
by a private mortgage insurer.
There is no decrease in risk for the purchaser regardless of the loan-to-value
ratio. The investment by the purchaser is the same, a mixture of personal cash
and a loan that must be repaid.